When it comes to business photography, there are many types of lighting that can be used to create the desired effect. From flat lighting to backlight, each type of light has its own purpose and can be used to create a unique look. Flat lighting is great for photographing babies with acne-prone skin, teenagers with large imperfections, and older people who feel insecure about their wrinkles. Wide light is a type of side lighting that creates an angle on the subject's face and is ideal for people with narrow faces.
Short light is the opposite of wide light and works well to soften the face. Split lighting is another type of side lighting that creates a shadow line in the middle of the forehead, nose, and chin. Backlight is often seen in photos taken during the golden hour and can be used to create a nice contrast with a dark background. Off-camera flash can be used to combat the lack of clarity that comes with backlight.
Rim light is a type of backlight that highlights the edges of the subject and is great for separating them from the background. Loop lighting is a type of light that is about 45 degrees to the side and slightly above eye level. Diffused and specular light are two terms that refer to how light affects the subject rather than the characteristics of shadows created by its presence. Ultimately, the best lighting for photography will depend on your style and preferences.